After recording an infection in America, what do we know about “monkeypox”?

After recording an infection in America, what do we know about “monkeypox”?

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After recording an infection in America, what do we know about “monkeypox”?

The US Center for Disease Control and Prevention said that a citizen who traveled from Nigeria to Texas had a confirmed case of monkeypox.

The person has been hospitalized in Dallas, where officials are looking to contact those who may have come into close contact with him during the flights.

The World Health Organization defines monkeypox as “a rare disease that occurs mainly in remote areas of central and western Africa near tropical rainforests”.

Monkeypox virus is transmitted to humans from a variety of wild animals, but its secondary spread is limited, through human-to-human transmission.

The case fatality rate in monkeypox outbreaks is usually between 1 and 10 percent, and most deaths occur in the younger population.

There is no treatment or vaccine available to combat the disease, although vaccination against smallpox has proven highly effective in preventing monkeypox as well.

The origin of the disease

Monkeypox is a rare viral disease of zoonotic origin, and the symptoms of its infection in humans are similar to those seen in the past in patients with smallpox, but it is less severe.

Monkeypox was first detected in humans in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in a 9-year-old boy who lived in an area where smallpox was eradicated in 1968.

Since then, most cases have been reported in rural rainforest areas of the Congo Basin and West Africa.

The first cases of the disease outside Africa were recorded in 2003, in the western-central region of the United States of America.

How is the disease transmitted?

According to the World Health Organization, infection with the disease from indicative cases results from direct contact with the blood of infected animals, their body fluids, their skin lesions or their mucous fluids, bearing in mind that rodents are the main reservoir of the virus.

It is possible that eating undercooked meat from infected animals is a risk factor associated with infection.

The transmission of the disease at the secondary level, or from one person to another, can result from intimate contact with the respiratory secretions of a person infected with the disease or its skin lesions, or from contact with objects that have recently been contaminated with the patient’s fluids or substances that cause pests.

Restricting or banning the transfer of African small mammals and monkeys could effectively contribute to slowing the spread of the virus outside Africa.

Caged animals should not be vaccinated against smallpox, but instead those potentially infected should be isolated from other animals and immediately quarantined.

All animals in contact with other infected animals should also be quarantined and handled under standard precautions and observed within 30 days for symptoms of monkeypox.

Symptoms of the disease

The incubation period for monkeypox (the period between infection and the onset of symptoms) ranges from 6 to 16 days.

The infection stage can be divided into two periods, the “invasion period” (0 days and 5 days), characterized by fever, severe headache, enlarged lymph nodes, back and muscle pain, and severe weakness (loss of energy).

In the period of the appearance of the rash (within a period ranging from 1 to 3 days after the infection of the fever), in which the various stages of the appearance of the rash crystallize, which begins on the face most often, and then spreads to other parts of the body.

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