Russian cybersecurity firm Kaspersky has detected more than 1,500 fraudulent entities targeting potential investors and cryptocurrency miners only in the first half of 2021.
Kaspersky research shows that a high percentage of users have already been attacked by malicious crypto miners or cryptojackers.
Only in this first half of the year there have been many cases of customers losing even their last digital pennies or being only partially reimbursed.
The report also suggests that the most common methods to trick unsuspecting users appear fake ads claiming to sell mining equipment and illegitimate sites posing as exchanges.
Criminals target digital currencies. AFP photo
These fraudulent platforms require users to perform an advance payment under the guise of advance payment or verification, after which the scammers stop responding.
Cybercriminals also do use of phishing platforms to gain access to the private keys of the users of their crypto wallets.
The most recent case is that of the Luno cryptocurrency exchange service, with more than 5 million clients in 40 countries, focused on emerging markets.
The attackers sent email messages that appear to be from Luno’s official account and announce that a payment is “pending due to an error” in the profile information. The message includes a link for users to resolve the issue.
As is usual in a phishing attack, scammers spoof the sender’s address to make it look credible. The strange address of the link is hidden behind the button, but it does not look like luno.com at all and is located in the domain zone .ar (Argentina).
To mislead users, criminals include security measures on the fake site. Photo Shutterstock
So that the victim does not suspect, explain from Kaspersky, scammers place strict safety requirements. For example, to log in to the fake website, it is required to enter a secure password with the same strict requirements as in the official platform.
Some security experts point out that the problem is that these systems are based on an open source technology that appeals to the collective intelligence of a community to improve the software and protocols, but there are others who could find weaknesses in the code and not report it. .
Last week, Kaspersky presented its annual report produced by the Research and Analysis Team. There it is revealed a 24% increase in cyberattacks in the region during the first eight months of the year, compared to the same period in 2020.
The report takes into account the 20 most popular malicious programs, which represent more than 728 million infection attempts in the region, with an average of 35 attacks per second.
Infection attempts by countries, in millions, were: Argentina 10 million, Brazil 481, Chile 8, Colombia 30, Mexico 103, Peru 33, Ecuador 30, Panama 5 million.
Mobile phones register an average of almost 20 attacks per hour. Photo: Shutterstock
Another point revealed by the report is that the most common threats for Latin American Internet users are focused on mobile platforms. There were 173 thousand attempts to infect mobile devices between January and August of this year, with an average of almost 20 attacks per hour.
The main threat is adware programs that aim to generate profit by displaying unwanted advertisements to their victims.
However, the analyst points out that among the most prominent mobile threats are Trojans that elevate privileges and allow the phone to be rooted, a function that grants full access to the device, and spy Trojans (stalkerware).