The ‘Convention’ for the climate has completed its work this weekend and put a hundred proposals on the table. She was born of the announcements made by Emmanuel Macron, out of the Grand national debate. But this was not the only decision taken by the head of State on this occasion.
Let’s go back a little back… Thursday 25 April 2019, Emmanuel Macron holds the first major press conference of his five-year term in the presence of the government as a whole to ” propose to the countries to the guidelines of the new act called for by the expectations of our citizens “.
A few days of an intervention in which the president of the Republic now wants to draw what he called ” a new path “, the main ads of the time had they actually been followed by the facts ?
REFORM OF THE INSTITUTIONS
A draft constitutional law “for a renewal of the democratic life” was presented on August 28, 2019 by the council of ministers, with a draft organic law and draft ordinary law. But it is not gone further…
In the questions of the journalists, Emmanuel Macron had clarified his thinking : increase the dose of proportional representation in elections to the senate and create a share for the legislative elections, ” around 20 % “. The latest news on the subject come to us from Richard Ferrand. Last September, the president of the national Assembly ensured that the issue would be examined “by the end of June” by the parliamentarians.
The health crisis is over there.
Provided for in article 11 of the Constitution, the Referendum Initiative is being Shared on a legislative proposal requires the approval of one-fifth of all parliamentarians and one-tenth of the electorate of 4.7 million voters.
Emmanuel Macron had said it wanted to lower the threshold to a million – which also corresponds to signatures obtained for RIP on the privatisation of the Airports of Paris (1.1 M according to the number of promulgated on February 19, 2020 by the constitutional Council).
Nothing new, on this subject, for ten months.
In fact, the setting in stand-by these three bills regarding other commitments made by the president of the Republic during his press conference, in particular the 25% decrease in the number of parliamentarians and the transformation of the CESE (Conseil économique, social and environmental) in the Council of citizen participation.
DECENTRALIZATION AND PUBLIC SERVICES
This announcement had taken the form of the law, ” 3D ” for Decentralization, Differentiation and Deconcentration scope by the minister of territorial Cohesion Jacqueline Gourault. Even if Emmanuel Macron had specified that ” this act of decentralization should result in the first quarter of 2020 “, the project seemed to be well and truly fallen by the wayside.
The Association of mayors of France notes, however, that it will just resurface the favor of a hearing of the minister to a parliamentary committee on the 18th of may last, without that we know more about its contents. “I can’t give you date because I didn’t either before the confinement, said Jacqueline Gourault, but the crisis has shown that the themes of this text are current “.
In this context of decentralization, Emmanuel Macron had felt that there was “too much of the world in Paris” and that it should instead be ” more officials on the ground who provide solutions.” Edouard Philippe had been ” instructed to present as early as next month (editor’s note : in may of 2019) a reorganization of the administration. You can imagine the result…
We are talking here about houses of services to the public, referred to as the Houses France Services. Place of accompaniment of the inhabitants in their administrative procedures, they should be the number of 2000 in the next two years, with an offer of services adapted to the territory.
Good point for the president. If one refers to the map published on the portal of the Houses of services to the public, there are currently 1396 on the territory.
The reform of the Senior civil service, with the very symbolic closure of the ENA, is still in the pipes. In charge of the dossier, Frédéric Thiriez has submitted its report to the prime minister on 18 February, advocating in particular the creation of a unique institution, the School of public administration (EAP).
The precise evaluation is transformed into an estimate of 15 billion euros for the single VAT fraud. In a report in December 2019, the Court of auditors has estimated that France is late to evaluate this tax fraud and must develop tools to have accurate assessments. It does state a “decline in the amounts recovered in respect of the tax inspection, “and finds” a decline in the number of agents, auditors.”
This announcement was intended to partly compensate for the 5 billion euros of tax cuts on personal income. Two months later, during the presentation of the budget in 2020, the cuts promised were reduced from over a billion to 615 million euros, with through the viewfinder the progressive end of the tax advantage on Diesel non-road from 2020 – niche for the time saved, since it was learned three days ago that this advantage will eventually be deleted as from July 2021.
WORK AND PENSIONS
The government is effectively harnessed to the task. The first component of reform, which includes a hardening of the opening and reloading of the rights, is in force since November 2019. However, in the face of the social crisis generated by the crisis of the coronavirus, voices were raised, and union, for its repeal. The government, meanwhile, is considering an adaptation of the measures to the new situation.
Just before the health crisis, the project, which actually consists of a combination of the RSA, the premium of activity and APL in a single allocation was still at the stage of consultation, with a submission to parliament, scheduled for 2020. The cost to the budget of this project of universal income of activity could it be put in the boxes ?
The pension reform has indeed been initiated, and has faced strong opposition in the street this winter. In February, the government activated article 49.3 of the national Assembly. The crisis of the sars coronavirus has made the reform on break, but Emmanuel Macron seems determined to see it adopted before the end of the quinquennium.
Respite for parents deadbeats : then he would have had to wait 14 months for the implementation of this measure, originally scheduled for June 1 of this year, it has been extended by decree of 15 may as a result of the health crisis. While 30 to 40 % of alimony is paid irregularly, or entirely unpaid, the reform is now announced for January 1, 2021.
It is clear that the ads have actually been implemented in this area. “The climate”, said Emmanuel Macron, must be at the heart of the project national and european level “.
What the president had called “the appeal to collective intelligence” was formalized by the work of the ‘Convention’ for the climate, which has, therefore, taken to an end Sunday.
The Council of defence écologique has also been created, bringing together the ministers and operators of the State concerned around Emmanuel Macron, who presides over “evenly” as advertised. Founded in may 2019, it has met three times since that date (in July, November and February).
The ‘Convention’ for the climate ” is waiting for the response of Emmanuel Macron, in particular, on the referendum that it asks to put the fight against global warming in the Constitution and to create a crime of ecocide. A first step towards direct democracy ?
Speaking on the topic during his press conference, the head of State had expressed the desire to ” continue to discuss with our elected officials and our fellow citizens “. Social tensions, health crisis, and perhaps also his popularity had clearly discouraged since the Great debate.