Afa, blazing sun and African temperatures. For some weeks Italy has been in check of the hot and the risks for the body increase, especially for the heart. “There is a lot of concern about the African heat that is haunting the country and this alarm is very high for heart patients, wondering what they can do to protect their heart or if they need to change their medications. A tired heart has a harder time pumping blood and putting it into circulation, if we manage to engage it less by following some rules it will thank us. “He underlines this at Adnkronos Health Michele Gulizia, president of the
Foundation for your heart
ofNational Association of Hospital Cardiologists (Anmco) and director of Cardiology at the Garibaldi-Nesima hospital in Catania.
“Changes in climate can affect blood circulation and change what is the dilation or tone of blood vessels so, as well as how cold and vasoconstriction occurs, when the heart and the vascular system are exposed to scorching heat, vasodilation is created which causes a significant reduction in blood pressure. This phenomenon can cause circulatory stress and affect the well-being of the treatment “, warns Gulizia.
“Shortness of breath, cough, fatigue, exhaustion and swelling in the legs and ankles, but also loss of appetite and especially nicturia (the increase in the amount of urine emitted at night) – the cardiologist lists – when these symptoms are present they are not always well interpreted. The signs of a heart that is not functioning well are also fatigue which is associated with a decrease in diuresis during the day and a paradoxical increase in nocturia. This symptomatology – he points out – is also associated with an initial respiratory difficulty that at night can force the subject to sleep in a position with the head higher, the consequence is an accumulation of fluids in the legs and the possibility of having noticeable cardiac arrhythmias “.
‘For those taking drugs, pay attention to pressure and hydration‘
What should someone on heart medication do?? “The blood pressure values that must be measured when sitting and taking 15 minutes of fear must pay close attention – replies Gulizia – the subject who takes antihypertensive therapy if he has a pressure that goes below the maximum values of 120-115 and 80-75 of minimum must reduce hypertensive drugs or temporarily suspend them. Those who take diuretic drugs must hydrate themselves correctly with smooth, non-carbonated mineral water “.
According to the cardiologist, “sudden changes in temperature with sudden changes between hot and cold that can create congestion in heart patients should be avoided – he warns – It would be preferable to spend the holidays in the hills or in the mountains, but below 1500 meters. In addition – he advises – the diet must be adapted to the heat: no fatty foods, a little salt and a portion of red meat a week and two of fish, while it is necessary to focus on cereals, fruit and vegetables.You must drink 1.5-2 liters of water a day. It is always advisable to dress lightly with light-colored clothes and then for those who live by the sea pay attention to blood pressure, the sea – he concludes – makes it increase and therefore not expose yourself to the sun between 12 and 16 because dehydration is more fearful. a few tips that can really save the heart “.