Seniors with masks – illustrative photo.
Prague – The death rate in the Czech Republic decreased last year compared to the previous year, in all age groups over 35. For people between 55 and 79 years of age, it fell by roughly a fifth. In total, about 120,100 people died, i.e. less than in two covid years. Life expectancy was extended again last year. For men, it extended by two years to 76.1 years and for women by roughly 1.5 years to 82 years. After being shortened due to the epidemic, it returned to the length of 2018. Preliminary results were announced today by the Czech Statistical Office (ČSÚ).
“According to preliminary data, 120,100 residents of the Czech Republic died in 2022. It was 14 percent, i.e. 19,800 people less than a year earlier. The year 2021 thus remained the year with the highest number of deaths in our post-war history,” said Terezie Štyglerová, head of the demographic statistics department of the CZSO.
Although the number of deaths decreased significantly last year, it remained above the average for the years 2015 to 2019. Compared to this period before the covid epidemic, it was about eight percent higher. According to statistics, the reason is partly also aging and changes in the age composition of society. Strong vintages from the 1940s are coming into their eighties.
The most deaths were in December last year, when statisticians recorded 12,100 deaths. It is about a fifth more than the five-year average from 2015 and 2019. January followed with 11,000 deaths. The fewest deaths were in June, namely 8,800. The numbers decreased year-on-year in all regions of the republic. The largest number of deaths decreased in the Karlovy Vary Region, by 23 percent. The lowest decrease was in Vysočina – by nine percent. “In none of the regions, however, did the annual total of deaths return to the level of the average from 2015 to 2019,” said Pavel Hájek, Head of the Information Services Department of the CZSO Regional Administration for the Central Bohemian Region. by four percent more and in the Vysočín, Pardubice and Moravian-Silesian regions by more than a tenth.
The death rate, which corresponds to the number of deaths per thousand inhabitants, decreased last year compared to the year before. According to statistics, it decreased in all five-year age groups groups over 35. It fell by a fifth between the ages of 55 and 79. The average life expectancy for men and women has thus increased again. “After the period from 2020 to 2021, when the average life expectancy fell by about two years to 74.1 years for men and 80.5 years for women, on the contrary, it increased significantly year-on-year last year.The first estimate of life expectancy at birth for the year 2022 speaks of a value of 76.1 years for men and 82.0 years for women, which are similar figures to in 2018,” she told Mic haela Němečková from the Department of Demographic Statistics of the CZSO.