The Vice President and Minister for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge, Teresa Ribera, detailed new actions for the autonomous communities worth 650 million euros for the industrial deployment and integration of renewables. These items complete the program for self-consumption, storage and renewable air conditioning, estimated at 1,320 million, approved a week ago by the Council of Ministers within the framework of the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan (PRTR). With these items, the budget for 2021 for the deployment and integration of renewable energies within the framework of said plan is completed, which amounts to 1,970 million.
The actions will be distributed in 200 million to promote thermal renewables in economic sectors, of which 100 million will be dedicated to industrial processes and other productive sectors to contribute to the decarbonization of the industry and the reduction of its dependence on fossil fuels and another 100 to cover air conditioning actions in the service sector in areas such as tourism or commercial, in which the replacement of conventional air conditioning by renewable will generate significant savings.
The rest is broken down into 100 million for the promotion of biogas and 350 for innovative renewables. In particular, these are centralized management lines that will encourage the implementation of heating and cooling networks in different parts of the territory, the deployment of innovative renewables due to their technological advancement, their territorial or landscape integration or their application, as well as the promotion of energy communities and citizen participation.
Sector conference with autonomous communities
During the Sectorial Conference, the availability of 200 million euros from the PRTR for the year 2021 destined to promote sustainable energy in the islands and the penetration and integration of renewables in island and non-peninsular systems, investments in which already Work is being done with the corresponding autonomous governments to identify the most appropriate mechanisms to carry out this transformation.
The above actions are in addition to the 1,320 million allocated to the self-consumption and renewable air conditioning programs approved in the past Council of Ministers that complete the allocation for the deployment and integration of renewables available for 2021. The aid granted initially amounts to 660 million euros, expandable to 1,320, of which up to 900 million are for self-consumption facilities; 220 million for storage behind the meter and 200 for air conditioning with renewable energies, which are distributed among the autonomous communities and cities.
The Government plans to create more than 25,000 jobs, between direct and indirect. Estimates foresee that they will allow the construction of 1,850 megawatts (MW) of renewable generation, including the substitution of fossil fuels for renewable energy in heating and cooling in more than 40,000 homes. GDP will grow from 1.7 to 3.2 million for every million euros of aid materialized. In addition, the installations that are executed will reduce CO2 emissions by more than one million tons per year and, being in inhabited areas, will reduce the impacts in areas without human activity.
The intensity of the aid will vary depending on the beneficiary and the type of installation. For companies, a percentage will be assigned on the initial investment volume (up to a maximum), while for individuals and public administrations a fixed percentage will be subsidized.
In the case of photovoltaic solar energy, the aid will range from 15% for a large company to 45% for an SME or a small system, less than 10 kW. Individuals will be able to benefit from 40% (50% in collective self-consumption systems) and public administrations from 70%. In this sense, the removal of asbestos covers and the installation of canopies to optimize the use of space, as is common in car parks, will be assessed.
In the case of wind power, the subsidy will range from 20% for the largest installation in large companies to 50% in the smallest systems for SMEs; individuals will get 50% and public administrations 70%.
In the storage facilities behind the meter, which will generally be batteries, the aid for companies will vary between 45% and 65%, depending on the size of the organization, while individuals, administrations and third sector entities will be able to benefit. 70%.
In air conditioning with renewables, the subsidy will depend on the technology used – such as biomass or geothermal energy – and will be 40% to 70%. Public Administrations that own residential buildings may obtain 70%.
In order to face the demographic challenge, all the above concepts will be increased by an additional 5% in those municipalities with less than 5,000 inhabitants and in municipalities with less than 20,000 inhabitants in rural environments whose different population centers have less than 5,000 inhabitants
The lines of aid for individuals, the self-employed and public administrations will come into force the day after the publication of the Royal Decree in the BOE. The recipients of the aid will have a period of 18 months to justify the construction of the facilities from the moment they are notified of its concession.