Today theelectric car is a car equipped with a electric motor instead of the classic diesel or petrol endothermic engine which is also called “EV” eletric vehicle. Of electric cars on the market there are many, among the most popular the Zoe and Leaf, with the news of the electric Peugeots e-208, and-2008 and many others.
When was the electric car born? How it is made? How does it work? Who is it recommended for?
The electric motor on cars made its first appearances in the first half of the nineteenth century with the electric carriage made by Robert Anderson, while the first prototype of electric car was made by Thomas Parker in 1884, using special high-capacity batteries he designed.
The electric car: when was it born?
To understand when the electric car was born, it must be pointed out that between the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth, the car electric motor could undoubtedly be considered one of the preferred methods of transportation, for sure more comfortable compared to the fuel-powered cars of the time.
Unfortunately, the development of this electric technology was limited by the knowledge of that period and the full speed that could reach a vehicle equipped with electric motor was of only 32 Km / h.
The electric car with its inventor Thomas Parker
Electric car: how does it work?
L’electric car is powered by an engineelectric which uses the electrical energy accumulated by the lithium ion battery transforming it into the mechanical energy needed to make the car move.
The compact electric motor of the Peugeot e-208
Electricity accumulated by the lithium ion battery is transferred to the electric motor thanks to theinverter.
Electric car lithium battery
This device converts the direct current of the accumulator into alternating current and sends it to the motor.
When releasing the accelerator, the car’s electric motor acts as a generator and recharge the battery; identical function is activated when braking.
Who is the electric car recommended for?
If you intend to switch to an electric car, we recommend that you fix these fundamental points well. If the answers to the three questions are yes, then the electric car will surely be a new experience for you to explode.
1. Do you have the possibility to recharge the car in a condominium box or garage? In this way you will find the car loaded every morning to be able to face the day without any problem;
2. You live next to one charging station or near a shopping center such as Lidl or Ikea where in some cases you can charge for free?
3. Do you have a daily mileage that varies between 100 and 300 km (or less)?
4. Are you willing to plan half-hour stops when you go on long journeys?
The electric car is not recommended when?
The electric car it is not recommendedto those who travel over 230 km per day without being able to stop to recharge or to those who want to buy an electric car that has more than 500 km of autonomy for less than € .10.000
Electric car explanation by industry experts on the Renault ZOE
Electric car explanation to whom it is recommended, pros and cons
Electric car, what is the autonomy?
What is the range of an electric car? The electric car has the characteristic of a totally functioning silent on the road and can enjoy a instant torque which allows immediate and much faster thrust than a car equipped with a traditional engine. His autonomy is linked to the capacity of the batteries.
What is the real range of an electric car?
L’autonomy of an electric car it also depends on the outside temperature. In case of very low temperatures (eg -10 ° the autonomy drops by 25% compared to that which occurs with 23 °). In the case of the Peugeot e-2008 with 50 kWh battery, the real range varies from 195 km in the worst situation (motorway and with a temperature of -10 °) to 415 km of the best one as in the city and at low speeds on a provincial road.
|Autonomy with temperature -10 °|
|Autonomy with temperature + 23 °|
Fundamental element of the electric car are precisely the batteries which, to date, are the Achilles’ heel of the various manufacturers given that the penalizing element of electric cars is autonomy.
For models equipped with lithium batteries, the manufacturers declare aautonomy which varies from 200 to 800 Km, but obviously this can vary according to the driving style adopted by the driver.
But other types of are being studied batteries such as lithium fluoride batteries or those zinc-air under development.