The recovery plan automotive for 8 billion euros, introduced on Tuesday by Emmanuel Macron includes a goal of more ambitious : “Making France the first nation producer of vehicles in Europe “. Is this really realistic ?
For the president of the Republic, France must take under five years to the bar of the million electric vehicles, plug-in hybrids and hybrids produced annually. A plan is logically supported by the manufacturers, including PSA, which announces, for example, a new platform electrified on its site in Sochaux by 2022 for the production of the Peugeot 3008 hybrid.
The automotive sector has certainly already begun its shift to cleaner vehicles, especially in Europe where the regulation will impose to the manufacturers of the average CO2 emissions of 95 g/km over the whole of their range. But France does it have the means of its ambitions ? The automobile sector habs can compete with its German neighbor, while the only Volkswagen group announced that it will reach the million electric cars sold as soon as 2023 ? Is there only interest is to consider the issue on the national level and not european ?
Try to compare the current state of the sector of clean vehicles in France and Germany.
When the French manufacturers are investing 1 billion euros in 2019, for the production of electric vehicles and batteries, our German neighbours are enjoying an envelope of $ 40 billion, according to figures from the NGO Transport & Environment. It comes mainly from the Volkswagen group, but also of Tesla, which has undertaken the construction, finally the side of Berlin, of the Gigafactory, the plant of european production (batteries, powertrains and assembly of the Model Y).
Volkswagen has invested 6.6 billion euros in the Czech Republic. Italy and Fiat are also over France, with 1.75 billion of investment, always in 2019. Suffice to say that the rooster habs will have to accelerate the pace to catch up with its neighbours, but the builders, will they have the means ?
With its models, stars, the Renault Zoe and the Nissan Leaf, Renault-Nissan has climbed in 2019 on the podium of the sales of electric cars : 183 299 vehicles sold, certainly far behind the giant, Tesla, 367 849 copies and 17 % market share.
Apart from the chinese BYD and BAIC, two other european manufacturers have positioned themselves in the top rankings. And they are… German since it is a BMW (145 815 copies sold in 2019) and Volkswagen Group (140 604), representing respectively 7 % and 6 % of the market, when Renault-Nissan is 8 %.
The state of the market
The motorists are French and German are similar, both in terms of new car sales as the desire to move towards cleaner vehicles. It sold 2.2 million cars in France in 2019 (for the 67 million inhabitants), and 3.6 million in Germany (83 million inhabitants), with each country showing in its purchases of its national preferences. Note, however, that the Germans spent a little more than the French, when they buy a new car, 30350€ on average, compared 26717€ – figures for 2017.
Sales of electric vehicles to explode on the whole of the old continent, it is a fact, even if their market shares remain low in France (2.6% in 2019) and is strongest in Germany (1.9 per cent). Except that Germany is going faster than France on the upward trend in registrations of electric and hybrid cars. With an increase of 71.4% in the fourth quarter of 2019, it surpasses France, which shows, for the same period, an increase of 35.7 percent, also lower than the eu average (46.2 per cent).
The aid for the purchase
An electric car, it’s expensive, wherever you are. You would have to pay, at a minimum, 21600€ for the cheapest model, namely the Skoda Citigo e-IV. City star, the Renault Zoe will cost 32000€, as the Peugeot e-208, while the e-Golf is announced at 39350€ and the DS3 Crossback e-Tense to 39900 eur.
On each side of the Rhine, the governments support the sales bonus and ecological aid for the purchase. The car plan, unveiled Tuesday, has surrendered in some way to the counters to zero in this area.
Since November, Germany offers aid for the purchase of 6000€ for the electric cars the price of which is less than 40000€, and 5000€ to the beyond. In France, the bonus is now 7000, – € for individuals (excluding the premium conversion). In contrast, aid is more significant for our neighbors to the hybrid drives, 4500€ 2000€ in France.
And the terminals in all of this ?
The development of the electric car also incorporates a prerequisite, the deployment of a network of charging stations worthy of the name. Emmanuel Macron wants to accelerate with the provision of a network of 100 000 terminals by 2021 (instead of 2022).