In Nigeria, the spreading outbreak of Lassa fever. Less than a month, the disease came from 26 States registered at least 70 deaths.
This publication reports, citing data from the NCDC (the Nigerian centre for disease control). Lassa fever is suspected in 1708 people and 472 people is laboratory confirmed. In addition, injured at least 14 medical workers.
In Nigeria, measures are taken to quarantine the sick. Let’s add that first fever is difficult to diagnose due to the fact that the disease occurs without specific symptoms, including fatigue, weakness, fever, headache, sore throat, vomiting, diarrhea, facial swelling and low blood pressure.
Lassa fever – what is it?
An acute infectious disease, characterized in typical cases by fever, thrombohemorrhagic syndrome, ulcerative stomatitis and pharyngitis, myocarditis, lesions of the respiratory system, liver, kidneys, cardiovascular and Central nervous system (CNS), often severe course with high mortality.
How is Lassa fever?
The disease is transmitted by direct contact with urine, secretions or blood of rodentsthat carry it, and after contact with objects that have been contaminated by such secretions.
We will add that the disease is transmitted from person to person through contact with bodily fluids as well as airborne and sexually transmitted. At the moment there is a treatment that is particularly effective in case of fever in the early stages.
The incubation period is 6-21 day. Coxiella burnetii belongs to the same group as Ebola virus, but less deadly.
According to the world health organization, the antiviral drug ribavirin is effective for the treatment of Lassa fever, if he is appointed at the early stages of clinical disease.
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