WILDLIFE The number of files submitted by farmers increased by 35% last year in the department
- The damage done by wild boars to crops increases year after year in the department.
- A new technique for trapping animals is being tested by hunters, to complete the numerous hunts.
“They are digging our grounds for food!” “Our cultures are completely destroyed their passage… ” Regularly, in the four corners of the Loire-Atlantique department, farmers express their dismay after the ravages of wild boars in their fields. A well-known scourge that is only increasing from year to year, and this in a spectacular way. “Compared to last year, we are on a 35% increase in damage, calculates Denis Dabo, the director of the federation of hunters of Loire-Atlantique. The Nord-Loire sector is the most affected, especially around Guérande or Notre-Dame-des-Landes which is an area that has not been affected. hunted for a long time. We also see the phenomenon appear in more open, more cereal-rich areas.”
If the diagnosis is so precise, it is because the federation of hunters must compensate the affected farmers, since a law of the 1970s prohibited the latter from killing themselves. the big game that would come to cause damage on their exploitation. And this year, the sum reached record levels: 417,000 euros. “We compensate market gardening farms with trampled wick plans, orchards too. But what costs the most is corn!, continues Denis Dabo. It must be said that the wild boars find shelter and shelter there. They love it and are there. sheltered, like in a forest.”
A new method of trapping
If there is no method for counting wild boars, the population would indeed be increasing sharply, favored by less harsh winters, an absence of predators and a high rate of reproduction. Opposite, the number of hunts has also increased; (just like the number of wild boars killed, increasing in a few years from 3,500 units on average to 7,000). Operations also prompted by “an increase in road and rail collisions and complaints” who brought the prefecture at classify wild boar among the “species likely to cause damage for the season” and at bring forward the opening of the hunt, from June 1st.
The federation, which recalls that the decried method of agrainage (attracting wild boars with food in wooded areas in order to keep them away from crops) is prohibited in the department, put this year on two novelties to try to stop the curve. “We have implemented a new method of trapping, says Denis Dabo. About twenty cages have been laid in more urban areas, or along railway lines, there where the beatings are impossible. A hundred people were trained for the rapid and effective death of the animal, which is captured alive.”
The federation also reports having hired a “boar mastery plan” facilitator for three years. His main mission will be to make contact with the owners of areas that are currently untreated, but identified as refuges.