In anticipation of the déconfinement, several cities have decided to provide a mask free to each of their inhabitants: the City of Rennes, Nîmes, Nontron (Dordogne), Nice, Clermont-Ferrand and many others. Giving as much importance to the wearing of masks, the public authorities are also thinking to invest in the means to ensure that citizens are actually their mask. Solutions of artificial intelligence exist to monitor the port of the mask automatically.
Cannes : the surveillance under the pretext of benevolence educational
The Mayor of Cannes did produce masks for free distribution. They are artisanal, produced by fashion designers local, but quite in conformity with the requirements of the French Society of Hospital Hygiene and the AFNOR. A major effort to ensure that their residents and workers are protected by masks, especially in public transport and the markets. It is by following this logic that the city is using technology to control citizens carry them well.
You are not aware of the advice? You forgot the “involuntarily” your mask at home? At Cannes, of the individual cameras have been installed, they will be able to locate you, an agent will be able to explain to you that it is essential that you’re equipped, and will give you a mask to remedy your error.
Monitoring with the help of AI (artificial intelligence)
Today, three markets in the city of Cannes (Forville, Gambetta, La Bocca) and the Palmbus, the local bus, are equipped with smart cameras that detect who is wearing a mask and which has, on the contrary, forgotten.
Artificial intelligence software facilitates the task of monitoring, it sends an SMS or an email to municipal employees responsible for the security of the place to inform in real time the exact number and the percentage of people that are hidden so that they know how to act. A dashboard will be able to analyse the evolution of the port of the mask.
According to a press release, it would not be to distribute fines to citizens, but to conduct “a pedagogical action, caring, and citizenship, encouraging the wearing of the mask or, if applicable, by distributing masks to those who do not.”
Developed by Datakalab, a startup French Artificial Intelligence, this technology is consistent with the RGPD. That is to say that individuals cannot be identified and no image is stored or streamed.
Why the mask is there now so indispensable?
According to the Academy of medicine, the compulsory wearing of a face mask anti-projection is recommended for use by the general public. The protection masks (type FFP1 or FPP2) in contrast to the essential for professionals and people affected by the coronavirus.
According to George Gao, director-general of the chinese Center for control and prevention of diseases, in Europe and the United States should be more accustomed to the wearing of masks, which was already standard for the asian population before the epidemic. “Many affected individuals are asymptomatic or do not exhibit further symptoms. If they are wearing a mask, it can prevent the droplets carrying the virus to escape and infect others”.
According to the world health Organization (WHO), “there is currently no evidence that people who have cured from the CoVid-19 and have developed antibodies to be protected from a second infection”.
Wearing a mask in public places is for most communities, a challenge that could save their citizens a rebound of the epidemic, at a time when cities are preparing to revive their economies.