Over the past 30 years in the world, the number of people aged 30 to 79 years suffering from hypertension has increased from 650 million to 1.28 billion Such data are cited in a joint study of the University of London Imperial College London and the World Health Organization (WHO), published in the scientific journal Lancet…
At the same time, it is noted that almost 50% of these people did not know about their disease. In their scientific work, scientists consider the period 1990-2019.
“Blood pressure measurement and treatment data have been used from more than 100 million people aged 30-79 years in 184 countries, which together cover 99% of the world’s population, making it the most comprehensive overview of global hypertension trends to date.” – emphasize the authors of the study.
As a result, it was found that during this period the overall level of hypertension in the world remained practically unchanged, but the prevalence of the disease has shifted from rich countries to countries with low and middle income.
So in 2019, Canada, Peru and Switzerland recorded one of the lowest prevalence rates in the world, while in the Dominican Republic, Jamaica and Paraguay for women and Hungary, Paraguay and Poland for men, on the contrary, a similar indicator was very high.
The study indicates that although the percentage of people with high blood pressure has changed little since 1990, the number of people with the condition has doubled. Scientists associate this phenomenon with the growth and aging of the population.
In addition, scientists say more than half of people (53% of women and 62% of men) with hypertension, or a total of about 720 million people, did not receive the necessary treatment.
Earlier, on August 15, the head of the cardiology department, Sergei Ivanov, said that chronic stress is one of the leading factors in the development of hypertension. He warned that minimal effects on the body, such as weather factors or additional nervous overload, lead to an increase in blood pressure in a person for a long period, it can reach high values and even lead to hypertensive crises.