Permanent disability pension: how many years do I have to contribute to Social Security to apply for it?

Permanent disability pension: how many years do I have to contribute to Social Security to apply for it?

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Permanent disability pension: how many years do I have to contribute to Social Security to apply for it?

The permanent disability pension is a help for people who, by reason of illness or accident, they are unable to work. This benefit is one of the most common in Spain, behind retirement and widowhood pensions.

The requirements to receive a permanent disability pension depend on both age and origin of disability. A minimum is not always required years of contributions to qualify for this aid.

Disability due to accident or occupational disease

If the permanent disability is produced by a accident, work or not, or by professional illness, a minimum number of years of contributions is not required. In these cases, requirements to access permanent disability are the following:

First, the worker must bedischarged or in a similar situation in Social Security at the time the Disability Assessment Team certifies their situation.

The other requirement, applicable only in cases of non-work accident, it is not yet eligible for retirement, since in this case the worker would receive this benefit instead of the disability pension.

In case the applicant requests a pension for non-work accident and was not registered at the time of occurrence, it will require at least 15 years of listing, three of them in the last decade.

Disability due to common illness

In the event that the disability is the result of a common disease, yes there is a minimum number of years listed. However, the administration takes into account the age of the worker in these cases because he understands that the youngest cannot prove the same number of years worked.

If the worker is under 31 years old, you are required to have quoted one third of the time since their 16th birthday. This means, for example, that a 28-year-old must have worked for at least four.

For the over 31, the minimum number of years listed is a quarter of the time since age 20. Of course, there is a minimum of 5 years valued regardless of their age. In addition, it must be proven that at least a fifth of the years worked has been listed in the last decade.