After the déconfinement progressive started on the 11th of may, many schools have organized and started their re-opening, but some have already done in reverse, by measure of precaution, in relation to cases of contamination of students or teachers.
This poses problems for parents who have returned to work, but it also relieves those who are afraid of the contamination at the school or are concerned about the stress linked to the measures of distance for the little ones. Is it so necessary that the children are subject to rules of detachment so strict? The hoops stapled to a chasuble during recess can be fun, but the hours of being seated, without moving from his chair, the are probably less.
Scientists are divided on the risks of contamination in the school, and the parents do not know if the schools should remain completely closed, or if the class should be resumed without difficult steps for children.
We do not know still not the exact role of children in transmission of the virus
Some studies show that even if the children are less likely to get ill if they are infected, they are as infectious as adults. As explained in an article for The Guardian , in recent months the science has made much progress in the understanding of the coronavirus, but it has little leaning on the case of children, for which scientists are divided.
The most obvious shortcoming that prevents policies déconfinement to address the question of how enlightened is that
Some studies show a low rate of contamination of the children
In the Italian town of Vò, where the epidemic of Covid-19 was highly virulent, the authorities have tested more than 80% of the population and found that of the 2.8% who were positive in the coronavirus, no child under 10 years of age had been detected contaminated. This was always the case when the tests were repeated two weeks later, and even that a number of children were living in families with infected persons.
Other studies in Iceland, Norway and South Korea also have found very low rates of children screened positive.
On the contrary, the United Kingdom, the results of tests on 10 000 people have shown no difference in contamination rate as a function of age. According to research conducted by a team led by Christian Drosten, German expert of the coronavirus, at the charite hospital in Berlin, no significant difference exists between age groups, including children.
Another important point, but that remains to be clarified, the children do not seem to be the main vectors of the entry of the virus into the family. A study from the University of Queensland has found that it is rare that homes are contaminated through their children.
The collateral damage of the opening or closing of schools
The children are therefore likely to be less prone to contamination and transmission, but not the adults who work with children. As in the other sectors of activity, the risk of contamination linked to the recovery in activity is mainly due to the displacement of the adults involved, who have the school as a place of work.
The closure of the schools was poorly experienced by the national Education ministry and its officials, who have estimated the containment as a “great risk” of inequalities between families with the opportunity to do the class at home and the other. Between 5% and 8% of students were “lost” by their teachers, who were not able to join them to ensure the “educational continuity”. Some teachers have sought ways to help families without a computer or printer, delivering homework print, or reading the exercises by telephone.
In most countries, schools have been the first to close, before the confinement, and the last to reopen, in order not to expose children. Why France has it been so pressed to find “the way to school”? Some teachers express doubts about the reopening of the school as a way to prevent stall because the most vulnerable cases are in permanent risk of dropping out, and are precisely those that could prevent the resumption of classes, which is not mandatory.