BILL The senators must ratify at the end of the morning, by a final vote, a compromise found with the deputies on this text
Members of parliament during a debate before the vote on two motions of censure in the National Assembly, October 31 2022. — JACQUES WITT/SIPA
Parliament must finally adopt the bill on Thursday paving the way for the a modulation of unemployment insurance according to the situation, a prospect that bristles the left, the extreme right and the unions. The senators must ratify at the end of the morning, by a final vote, a compromise found. with the deputies on this text, which did not require for the government to resort to the constitutional weapon of the 49.3 thanks to; an agreement found with the right.
Labor Minister Olivier Dussopt's bill initially plans to extend the current rules of unemployment insurance, resulting from a disputed reform of Macron's first five-year term. A decree has been taken in this sense by anticipation at the end of October. It also triggers the possibility, by decree, of modulating certain rules of unemployment insurance so that it is “stricter when too many jobs are unfilled, more inconvenient when too many jobs are unfilled. reuse when unemployment is high,” according to Emmanuel Macron’s campaign promise.
Consultation is underway with the social partners, and the government will make known “the arbitrations adopted” November 21, for an application of modulation at the beginning of 2023. “We are working on a modulation of the maximum duration of compensation,” 36 months according to age, indicated Tuesday Dussopt to the deputies. Thus “we do not plan to modify the conditions of affiliation to the unemployment insurance system”. It takes six months of work over a reference period of 24 months to be eligible.
A “difficulty; technical”
The executive insists that there is urgency in the face of the recruitment difficulties of companies, and makes this reform a first stone of its strategy to achieve full employment in 2027, i.e. an unemployment rate of around 5% against 7.4% currently. Deputies and senators have managed to a compromise on this text of the law in the joint committee last week, but at the cost of an imposed hardening; by senators LR, to which the minister was initially opposed. It has been added that the refusal to twice in one year of a CDI after a CDD or an interim contract on the same position, the same place and with the same remuneration, will lead to the loss of unemployment compensation. It will be at the employer (or both employers) to inform Pôle emploi, which poses a “difficulty; technical” so that it is not a “factory” gas”, according to Dussopt.
“The government didn’t want it, but we didn’t fold,” to AFP the rapporteur of the text to the Senate Frédérique Pussat (LR). Its counterpart at; the Assembly Marc Ferracci (Renaissance) finds the measure “not very operational and legally fragile”, and sees in it “a somewhat ideological approach, even s’ there is a real subject on the refusal of CDI”. Another provision, added by majority amendments presidential and LR deputies, is still debated: “the abandonment of post” will henceforth be assimilated to a resignation, to limit access to unemployment insurance. Those elected on the right “have been strength of proposal, both at the Assembly and the Senate,” LR Stéphane Viry, who nevertheless believes that the bill “doesn’not exhaust” the reforms to lead.
In unison with the unions, the left criticizes “a right-wing reform” whose objective would be to “reduce unemployment benefits” Before the final vote on Tuesday at the Assembly, won by 210 votes against 140, the Insoumis defended in vain a last motion to reject this text carrying, according to them, “a disposable vision of employees” . The Socialists have announced referral to the Constitutional Council. RN deputies also voted against the bill, by which “punishment and guilt are to be imposed; the agenda,” The bill also formalizes the opening of a consultation on the governance of unemployment insurance. Another part plans a “drastic simplification” validation of acquired experience (VAE), according to Minister Delegate Carole Grandjean.