What are enzymes and why are they needed by the body

Find out what these substances are, where they come from and why are enzymes so important for the health

Что такое ферменты и зачем они нужны организму

What are enzymes and why are they needed by the body

The enzyme or enzymes is a type of protein that is inside cells, produced in the body naturally and involved in many chemical reactions. These include building muscle mass, destruction of toxins and the breakdown of food particles during digestion.

Form of this protein is directly related to its function. Heat, disease or chemical exposure can damage the enzymes and change their shape. When this happens, the enzyme no longer works. This affects the processes in the body, which it helps support.

For example, the enzymes necessary for the proper functioning of the digestive system. Digestive enzymes, mainly produced in the pancreas, stomach and small intestine. But even our salivary glands produce digestive enzymes that begin to break down food molecules, while you are still chewing.

Что такое ферменты и зачем они нужны организму

What are enzymes and why are they needed by the body

There are three main types of enzymes. They are separated on the basis of reactions involving:

  1. Amylase breaks down starches and carbohydrates into sugars.
  2. Protease breaks down proteins into amino acids.
  3. Lipase breaks down lipids which are fats and oils into glycerol and fatty acids.
  • Why do we need enzymes?

In addition, the functions of these proteins, it is not difficult to guess that without them our normal digestion almost impossible. It is not enough to consume food, it needs to be transformed in the body to ensure that all of the substance of it could be internalized and fulfill its function. Enzymes allow you to digest all the consumed food into amino acids, glucose and fatty acids.

  • What can affect the production of enzymes?

The temperature of the body. If you have a fever and the body temperature is greatly increased, the structure of the enzymes destroyed. They no longer work properly. Restoration of body temperature to an optimal range will help to recover the enzymes.

Disease. Certain health condition such as pancreatitis, which is inflammation of the pancreas, pancreatic damage, and can reduce the number and effectiveness of some digestive enzymes.

Acidity. The pH of the stomach or intestines can also affect the activity of the enzyme. Enzymes work best in a fairly narrow pH range. If the medium surrounding the enzyme is too acidic or too alkaline, the form and function of the enzyme affected.

Chemicals called inhibitors can also affect the ability of the enzyme to cause a chemical reaction. Inhibitors can occur naturally or may receive in the form of medication. Antibiotics are a good example. They prevent the spread of bacterial infections certain enzymes.

Что такое ферменты и зачем они нужны организму

What are enzymes and why are they needed by the body

Food. Your diet can also affect the activity of enzymes in the body. This is due to the fact that many foods contain digestive enzymes that help break down the functions of natural enzymes in the body.

For example, although a banana is considered a carbohydrate and calories, it includes amylase, which helps digest it, so that the body could later on use those carbs for energy.

Eating foods rich in enzymes can increase activity of enzymes in the body. Among the Champions, rich enzimami: pineapple, papaya, mango, honey, bananas, avocado, kefir, sauerkraut, kimchi, kiwi and ginger.

In addition to dietary habits, General health of the body also affects how well it produces, stores and releases enzymes, and how effectively they function.

Что такое ферменты и зачем они нужны организму

What are enzymes and why are they needed by the body

  • When to use enzymes in the form of medication?

Despite widespread advertising, where magic pill helps a family to continue the meal, the enzymes in the form of medication is indicated only in certain cases.

Problems with the pancreas, such as pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis or pancreatic cancer can reduce the number of important enzymes that the body produces. Causing the body does not produce sufficient enzymes to fully digest the food and get all nutrients necessary.

Another case, when taking enzymes in pill form is justified – poisoning, when enzymes in the body can not effectively perform its function.

A balanced diet and household activity will help the enzymes in the body to function without interruption. Otherwise, for example, if you are in the habit of periodically taking a bite of a large amount of fatty foods, you can catch unpleasant effects such as stomach upset, nausea or diarrhea.

Author, nutritionist, sports nutritionist Mahadeva Darina

Previously we wrote why the cholesterol the body needs.

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